The namesake of Fort Wayne requests supplies during the Northwest Indian War
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Wayne, “MAD” Anthony. (1745-1796). One of Washington’s Brigadier Generals during the Revolutionary War. DS. (“Anty. Wayne”). 1p. Oblong large 8vo. Greeneville, October 2, 1795. To Clothier General Andrew McClary. Countersigned by Wayne’s Adjutant General John Mills (“John Mills”).
Please to issue three coats, four vests,
ten shirts, eight pair of woolen overalls (sergts) one tunic [?] coat, twelve caps, twelve coats, two vests, thirty two shirts, twenty pair woolen overalls, fourteen stocks [scarves], fourteen clasps, & sixteen pair of shoes (privates).
After distinguishing himself in the Revolutionary War, in which he earned a reputation for daring at Fort Ticonderoga, Brandywine, Germantown, and Stony Point, Wayne settled into retirement. But following a brief career in politics, President Washington called upon Wayne to help the U.S. end an ongoing conflict along the northwestern frontier called the Northwest Indian War. Wayne took command of the new Legion of the United States, the U.S.’s first trained standing army and formed in response to the ongoing conflict. In 1793, he launched an offensive against the confederation of Native Americans holding the Northwest Territory, which, unbeknownst to the Native inhabitants, had been ceded to the U.S. by the British at the end of the Revolutionary War in 1783. Wayne built fortifications along the way to ensure a defensible route for supplies and fresh troops. One such fort was at Greenville, named for Wayne’s friend, Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene, and served as his winter headquarters and supply depot during the 1794 campaign. On August 20, 1794, the American victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers decided the conflict. The ensuing Treaty of Greenville established the “Greenville Treaty Line,” a new boundary between Native American lands and those relinquished by the Native American alliance that included much of Ohio and Indiana where Fort Wayne would later be named in the general’s honor. Although the treaty was signed at Fort Greenville on August 3, 1795, hostilities continued as white settlers crossed the Greenville Treaty Line, and encroached on the Native American territories defying the terms of the treaty. It is during this period that Wayne’s request was made. Unevenly toned and darkly written with several tears that have been professionally restored on the verso. In good condition and uncommon.