CLEVELAND, GROVER

Cleveland Lobbies Against the McKinley Tarrif Bill

Item #20379


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19th-CENTURY NEW ENGLAND SIGNATURE QUILT

ASTOR, WILLIAM WALDORF

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BRANDEIS, LOUIS D.

BROMFIELD, LOUIS

BRYAN, WILLIAM JENNINGS

BUSH, GEORGE H.W.

BUSH, GEORGE W.

CARNEGIE, ANDREW

CATTON, BRUCE

CLEVELAND, FRANCES F.

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FIRESTONE, HARVEY

FLAGLER, HENRY M.

FORD, GERALD

FRANKFURTER, FELIX

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GOULD, JAY

HAVEMEYER, HENRY OSBORNE

HOPKINSON, JOSEPH

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LINCOLN & CIVIL WAR SCHOLAR FREDERICK HILL MESERVE

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NIXON, RICHARD M.

PIERCE, FRANKLIN

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ROOSEVELT, ELLIOTT

ROOSEVELT, FRANKLIN D.

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RUBINSTEIN, HELENA

SANGER, MARGARET

STEPHENS, ALEXANDER H.

TAFT, WILLIAM HOWARD

TANNER, RICHARD

TRUMAN, HARRY S.

TYLER, JOHN

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19th-CENTURY NEW ENGLAND SIGNATURE QUILT

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DIX, JOHN ADAMS

EISENHOWER, DWIGHT D.

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CLEVELAND, GROVER - Cleveland Lobbies Against the McKinley Tarrif Bill
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CLEVELAND, GROVER - Cleveland Lobbies Against the McKinley Tarrif Bill

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“The enormities, as you call them…of the McKinley bill”

 

CLEVELAND, GROVER. (1837-1908). Twenty-second and twenty-fourth president of the United States. TLS. (“Grover Cleveland”). 1¼ pp. 4to. Buzzards Bay, August 1, 1892. On two sheets of his Gray Gables stationery. To H.M. Messinger.

 

Your letter of July 26 is at hand, with its accompanying sample. Though in ordinary circumstances a dry goods fact might not be of especial interest to me, the fact which you illustrate in your letter is one of very great importance. It is this kind of demonstration which I have been insisting upon as the only kind of means which must certainly arouse our people to an appreciation of the enormities, as you call them them [sic], of the McKinley bill. This demonstration cannot be covered up by any sophistry or explained away on any possible theory. I wish more facts of this kind could reach our people and I wish such practical men as you, would take more pains to inform them on this subject. I shall take the liberty of sending your letter to the national committee and urging them strongly to make a proper use of it; and I wish you might contribute to the campaign, and to the success of which you so cordially give your allegiance, more facts of the same sort. This is the most effective campaigning that I know of. I thank you for the kind wishes expressed in your letter, and I assure you that I fully appreciate the value of your aid in the canvass which confronts us…”

 

After practicing law and holding several public positions in Erie County, New York, Cleveland was elected mayor of Buffalo on January 1, 1882; exactly one year later, he became Governor of New York. His opposition to political corruption earned him Tammany Hall’s wrath as well as a Democratic Party presidential nomination in 1884. As a result, Cleveland became the United States’ 22nd president and, despite losing the 1888 election to Benjamin Harrison, he was re-nominated during the 1892 Democratic National Convention held June 21-23, 1892, and defeated the incumbent in November to return to the White House for an unprecedented, non-consecutive second term.

 

Central to Cleveland’s presidential campaign was his opposition to the McKinley Tariff, passed in 1890 and named for its author, Ohio Representative William McKinley (1843-1901), then chair of the House Ways and Means Committee. Cleveland’s 1887 State of the Union Address was devoted entirely to the matter of tariffs and duties and underscored his conviction that duties on raw materials needed to be reduced. However, true to his party’s position, McKinley’s bill imposed heavy tariffs on imported wool, tin and other goods. Its passage and the resulting increase in consumer prices led to the Republican’s loss of their majority in Congress in 1890 and Cleveland’s 1892 defeat of Harrison. Despite its unpopularity, McKinley succeeded Cleveland after defeating Democrat William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 presidential election.

 

Our letter, written to a supporter, was penned from Cleveland’s Massachusetts estate, Gray Gables which served as his Summer White House from 1893 to 1896. Purchased in 1890, Cleveland had a telegraph installed in the house in 1892 in order to follow the news from the Chicago convention.

 

Bearing several holographic corrections. Normal wear and in very fine condition.

 

 


Item #20379  


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