BRANDEIS, LOUIS D.

Justice Brandeis Offers Support to His Recently Exiled Cousins from Nazi Occupied Austria

Item #20452


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Justice Brandeis Comes to the Aid of his Two Cousins in Nazi Occupied Austria

TLS: “Knowledge of Palestinian conditions which we believe will be of great service to the Zionist cause”


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19th-CENTURY NEW ENGLAND SIGNATURE QUILT

ASTOR, WILLIAM WALDORF

BARNUM, P.T.

BRANDEIS, LOUIS D.

BROMFIELD, LOUIS

BRYAN, WILLIAM JENNINGS

BUSH, GEORGE H.W.

BUSH, GEORGE W.

CARNEGIE, ANDREW

CATTON, BRUCE

CLEVELAND, FRANCES F.

CLEVELAND, GROVER

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DECATUR, STEPHEN

DIX, JOHN ADAMS

DODGE, WILLIAM E.

EISENHOWER, DWIGHT D.

ENO, AMOS

FIRESTONE, HARVEY

FLAGLER, HENRY M.

FORD, GERALD

FRANKFURTER, FELIX

FRÉMONT, JOHN C.

GOULD, JAY

HAVEMEYER, HENRY OSBORNE

HOPKINSON, JOSEPH

JOHNSON, LYNDON B.

KENNEDY, EDWARD “TED.”

KENNEDY, JACQUELINE

KENNEDY, ROBERT F.

LINCOLN & CIVIL WAR SCHOLAR FREDERICK HILL MESERVE

LINCOLN, ROBERT TODD

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NIXON, RICHARD

NIXON, RICHARD M.

PIERCE, FRANKLIN

PULITZER, JOSEPH

REMINGTON ARMS COMPANY

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BRANDEIS, LOUIS D. - Justice Brandeis Offers Support to His Recently Exiled Cousins from Nazi Occupied Austria
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BRANDEIS, LOUIS D. - Justice Brandeis Offers Support to His Recently Exiled Cousins from Nazi Occupied Austria

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BRANDEIS, LOUIS D. (1856-1941). Supreme Court Justice. ALS. (“Louis D. Brandeis”). 1p. Small 8vo. Chatham, August 29, 1939. Written on his wife’s stationery to his Viennese second cousins, recently resettled in New York City, Betty Brandeis (1892-1973) and Louise Brandeis (1903-?).

 

“Re Yours of 20th, We are very glad that Mr. Billikopf has conferred with you and that he may advise you further as to what efforts you should make to receive employment. His understanding and his experience render him peculiarly competent as an advisor. We appreciate the difficulties which you have encountered; but have confidence that, some where, appropriate employment can be found, although of a character different from that which you had in Vienna and expected to find here. With best wishes, I enclose check for $80 dated August 31st 1939...”

 

Noteworthy for being the first Jewish judge to sit on the U.S. Supreme Court, Brandeis earned his reputation as the “People’s Lawyer.” During his lengthy law career he ruled against monopolies, in favor of workers’ rights, and for affordable life insurance. Outside the courtroom, and initially inspired by his uncle, he became an ardent supporter of Zionism around 1910.

 

“Brandeis’s desire to help Eastern European Jewry find a safe haven in Palestine [the future Israel] was heightened by his contact in 1910 with Russian immigrant garment workers, whom he met while mediating a strike. He saw in these Jews a democratic spirit and idealism he had not expected. In 1913, Brandeis agreed to chair a Zionist meeting in Boston. Not content to be a mere figurehead, by 1915 Brandeis became Zionism’s leading public spokesman in America… By 1917, the American Zionist movement increased its membership tenfold to 200,000 members. The American Provisional Executive Committee for General Zionist Affairs, which Brandeis chaired, raised millions to relieve Jews who were suffering throughout war-torn Europe,” (“Louis D. Brandeis and American Zionism,” The Jewish Federation of North America, Feldberg).

 

Brandeis had assisted his cousins in obtaining visas to escape to America after the Anschluss, the March 12, 1938, annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany. “Brandeis swore out an affidavit in May 1938 that he had ample resources and would be willing to sponsor them in the United States so they would not become public charges. The two women arrived in New York in July, where officials of the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society met them and secured temporary lodgings for them. Brandeis also made contributions to a group organized by his former law clerk David Riesman to rescue academics and find them positions in American Universities,” (Louis D. Brandeis: A Life, Urofsky).

 

Jacob Billikopf (1882-1950) was a tireless supporter of Jewish and labor causes in America, becoming, in 1920, the first fulltime director of the Federation of Jewish Charities. In 1937-38, he regularly assisted European Jewish refugees from Europe.

 

Brandeis married his second cousin Anna Goldmark (1866-1945) in 1891. Not only was she supportive of her husband’s career, but was herself a champion of progressive causes including suffrage, organized labor and the American Zionist movement.

 

With the original envelope; light wear, otherwise fine. Written just three days before the Germany’s invasion of Poland that precipitated World War II.

 

 

Item #20452


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